On June 25, the Zug canton from Switzerland will hold a public consultative vote based on blockchain for the citizens who hold digital IDs. The purpose of this vote is to test different aspects of this process, such as the privacy protection, voting secrecy, the irrefutability and the traceability of interactions.
The vote will consist of 3 questions and will focus mainly on the users’ experience with the process, as well as indicating other sectors in which they consider that the digital identity can be applied. The creators of the initiative clarified that this process has no legal duty and that its objective is to gather information about the community.
The initiative comes from a research project in the city of Zug , in collaboration with a technical team led by Alexander Denzler, a professor of Blockchain and Big Data in the Computer Department of the Lucerne University of Applied Sciences. The digital identity project of Zug is also based on Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT), and it was first introduced on November 15.
The three components of the digital identity vote are a digital box, located on the smartphone, in the uPortapp which is secured by a PIN or biometric data.
The Ethereum blockchain in which the application generates an unmodifiable digital address linked to the locker, and a certification gateway located in the control center of the city, to which voters have to go to verify that the data entered online corresponds to their ID’s.
With this confirmation, all the information is signed and stored on the blockchain, as a digital certificate encrypted in the safe of the uPort of the smartphone. The city of Zug encouraged the residents who do not have a digital identity card to acquire one so they can participate in this voting.
Although the promoters of this initiative claim to be the first to conduct public voting using the blockchain technology, in March 2018 the Russian presidential election was held with the help of the blockchain technology which recorded and protected the results and data of the exit polls.